At CREAF we provide essential information on the composition and function of Mediterranean forests in a context of global environmental change.
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Forest decline and regenerationDrought and wildfire are the two disturbances which are most influential on the natural regeneration of the forest and cause the most mortality of trees. Forests affected by these are often also stricken by insect plagues and opportunistic fungi which attack weak trees.
In the last few decades, the increase in temperatures experienced in the Mediterranean basin is making these disturbances increasingly prevalent. As a consequence, many forests are increasingly showing symptoms of forest decline. In these cases it is fundamental to understand the response capacity of the vegetation to this situation and to plan management which helps keep forests healthy.