Espelta JM, Gracia M, Molowny R, Ordoñez JL, Retana J, Vayreda J et al (2009) Els alzinars Manuals de gestió d’hàbitats. Diputació de Barcelona. Barcelona. 181 pp.
Sánchez Humanes B, Espelta JM, Camarero J, Sabaté S (2009) Patrones reproductivos en Quercus mediterráneos: Efecto del clima, del incremento de sequía y del resalveo sobre la producción de bellotas. V Congreso Forestal Español. Montes y Sociedad: Saber que hacer. S.E.C.F-Junta de Castilla y León. ISBN: 978-84-936854-6-1.
Cotillas M, Espelta JM, Sabaté S (2009) ¿Puede la gestión forestal mitigar los efectos de un incremento de sequía en los montes mediterráneos? El caso de los bosques de encina y roble en el contexto del cambio climático. V Congreso Forestal Español. Montes y Sociedad: Saber que hacer. S.E.C.F-Junta de Castilla y León. ISBN: 978-84-936854-6-1.
Paula S., Arianoutsou M., Kazanis D., Tavsanoglu Ç., Lloret F., Buhk C., Ojeda F., Luna B., Moreno J.M., Rodrigo A., Espelta J.M., Palacio S., Fernández-Santos B., Fernandes P.M., Pausas J.G. (2009) Fire-related traits for plant species of the Mediterranean Basin. Ecology. 90: 1420-0.LinkDoi: 10.1890/08-1309.1
Plant trait information is essential for understanding plant evolution, vegetation dynamics, and vegetation responses to disturbance and management. Furthermore, in Mediterranean ecosystems, changes in fire regime may be more relevant than direct changes in climatic conditions, making the knowledge of fire-related traits especially important. Thus the purpose of this data set was to compile the most updated and comprehensive information on fire-related traits for vascular plant species of the Mediterranean Basin, that is, traits related to plant persistence and regeneration after fire. Data were collected from an extensive literature review and from field and experimental observations. The data source is documented for each value. Since life history traits may vary spatially or with environmental conditions, we did not aggregate them by species; i.e., traits and species are repeated in different records if they were observed by different researchers and/or in different locations. Life history traits included in the data set are: life form, resprouting ability (after fire, after clipping, or after other disturbances that remove all the aboveground biomass), resprouting bud source, heat-stimulated germination, other germination cues, seed bank location and longevity, post-fire seedling emergence and survival, maturity age of resprouts and saplings, and seed mass. Several traits are unknown for many species; consequently, the data set reflects the state of the knowledge on the topic. However, since the ability to resprout is a trait of paramount relevance in fire-prone environments, it was considered a core trait in the data set, and thus species whose resprouting capacity was unknown were not included. Life form is also provided for all taxa. The structure of the database allows different levels of information (and accuracy) for each entry, and thus some traits may include different types of data (quantitative, semi-quantitative, or categorical) from different sources. The data set is structured in 8263 records and 11 columns, obtained from 301 published and unpublished sources of information. It includes 952 taxa determined at specific or infraspecific level, which comprise 859 species, 384 genera, and 79 families. Although this is the most comprehensive data set of fire-relevant plant traits for Mediterranean species, there is still a considerable need for observations and experiments, especially in little-studied Mediterranean areas, such as northern Africa. © 2009 by the Ecological Society of America.
Sabaté S, Espelta JM,Gracia C, Claramunt B, Cotillas de la Torre M, Keenan T, Sánchez Humanes B, Vayreda J, Plà E (2009) Impactos del cambio climático sobre los bosques mediterráneos analizados en el marco de distintos proyectos de investigación. V Congreso Forestal Español. Montes y Sociedad: Saber que hacer. S.E.C.F-Junta de Castilla y León. ISBN: 978-84-936854-6-1.
De Las Heras J., Moya D., López-Serrano F.R., Eugenio M., Espelta J.M. (2008) Aleppo pine regeneration after fire along an aridity gradient. WIT Transactions on Ecology and the Environment. 119: 289-295.LinkDoi: 10.2495/FIVA080291
In the Mediterranean Basin, the number of large-scale fires and, consequently, the area of regenerated forests after a fire have been increasing over the last few decades. Mediterranean pine tree stand regeneration shows differences in growth and reproductive characteristics depending on site quality. Aleppo pine (Pinus halepensis Mill.) is an important obligate seeder species occupying a large surface in this area. In order to study growth and reproductive characteristics depending on different climatic conditions, six sites with similar characteristics (edaphic, exposure, slope) burned in the summer of 1994 were selected along a climate gradient. Different precipitation values determined three different ombroclimates: dry-subhumid, dry and semi-arid. Ten years after the fires, data on growth and cone production were collected from these areas in order to study the pattern of growth and reproduction and the influence of site quality (climate) on them. Results showed significantly higher values for growth and several cone characteristics; furthermore, they were positively related to site quality. Viability and seed germination percentages were higher in sites located in dry-subhumid areas. Serotiny was highest in dry locations (southern sites), and lower percentages were found in low tree density sites. The number of reproductive trees was higher northwards and the reproductive phase was reached in younger stands with lower tree density. In conclusion, results showed a geographical gradient based upon growth and reproductive characteristics, decreasing southwards in contrast to serotiny, which increases in southern sites. Density was found to be a significant factor influencing overall pine stand development.
Espelta J.M., Cortés P., Molowny-Horas R., Sánchez-Humanes B., Retana J. (2008) Masting mediated by summer drought reduces acorn predation in mediterranean oak forests. Ecology. 89: 805-817.LinkDoi: 10.1890/07-0217.1
Temporally variable production of seed crops by perennial plants (masting) has been hypothesized to be a valuable mechanism in the reduction of seed predation by satiating and starving seed consumers. To achieve these benefits, coexisting species subjected to the same predator would benefit from a similar pattern of seeding fluctuation over time that could lead to a reduction in predation at the within-species level. We tested for the existence of an environmental factor enforcing synchrony in acorn production in two sympatric Mediterranean oaks (Quercus ilex and Q. humilis) and the consequences on within-species and between-species acorn predation, by monitoring 15 mixed forests (450 trees) over seven years. Acorn production in Q. ilex and Q. humilis was highly variable among years, with high population variability (CVp) values. The two species exhibited a very different pattern across years in their initial acorn crop size (sum of aborted, depredated, and sound acorns). Nevertheless, interannual differences in summer water stress modified the likelihood of abortion during acorn ripening and enforced within- and, particularly, between-species synchrony and population variability in acorn production. The increase in CVp from initial to mature acorn crop (after summer) accounted for 33% in Q. ilex, 59% in Q. humilis, and 60% in the two species together. Mean yearly acorn pre-dispersal predation by invertebrates was considerably higher in Q. humilis than in Q. ilex. Satiation and starvation of predators was recorded for the two oaks, and this effect was increased by the year-to-year variability in the size of the acorn crop of the two species combined. Moreover, at a longer time scale (over seven years), we observed a significant reduction in the mean proportion of acorns depredated for each oak and the variability in both species' acorn production combined. Therefore, our results demonstrate that similar patterns of seeding fluctuation over time in coexisting species mediated by an environmental cue (summer drought) may contribute to the reduction of the impact of seed predation at a within-species level. Future research should be aimed at addressing whether this process could be a factor assisting in the coexistence of Q. ilex and Q. humilis. © 2008 by the Ecological Society of America.
Moya D, Espelta JM, López-Serrano FR, Eugenio M, de Las Heras J (2008) Natural post-fire dynamics and serotiny in 10-year-old Pinus halepensis Mill. stands along a geographic gradient. International Journal of Wildland Fire 17: 287–292.
Espelta JM, Verkaik I, Eugenio M, Lloret F (2008) Recurrent wildfires constrain long-term reproduction ability in Pinus halepensis Mill. International Journal of Wildland Fire 17: 579-585.
Espelta JM, Arnan X, Verkaik I, Guitart L (2008) Avaluació ecològica de diferents tractaments silvícoles de millora de la regeneració natural en zones afectades per incendi i sequeres extremes. En: Models silvícoles en boscos privats mediterranis. Col.lecció: Documents de Treball, Serie Territori 5:153-181. Diputació de Barcelona.
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