Influence of fire severity on plant regeneration by means of remote sensing imagery

Díaz-Delgado R., Lloret F., Pons X. (2003) Influence of fire severity on plant regeneration by means of remote sensing imagery. International Journal of Remote Sensing. 24: 1751-1763.
Link
Doi: 10.1080/01431160210144732

Abstract:

In this paper we analyse the interactions between fire severity (plant damage) and plant regeneration after fire by means of remote sensing imagery and a field fire severity map. A severity map was constructed over a large fire (2692 ha) occurring in July 1994 in the Barcelona province (north-east of Spain). Seven severity classes were assigned to the apparent plant damage as a function of burning intensity. Several Landsat TM and MSS images from dates immediately before and after the fire were employed to monitor plant regeneration processes as well as to evaluate the relationship with fire severity observed in situ. Plant regeneration was monitored using NDVI measurements (average class values standardized with neighbour unburned control plots). Pre-fire NDVI measurements were extracted for every plant cover category (7), field fire severity class (7), and spatial cross-tabulation of both layers (33) and compared to post-fire values. NDVI decline due to fire was positively correlated with field fire severity class. Results show different patterns of recovery for each dominant species, severity class and combination of both factors. For all cases a significant negative correlation was found between damage and regeneration ability. This work leads to a better understanding of the influence of severity, a major fire regime parameter on plant regeneration, and may aid to manage restoration on areas burned under different fire severity levels.

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Post-classification change detection with data from different sensors: Some accuracy considerations

Serra P., Pons X., Saurí D. (2003) Post-classification change detection with data from different sensors: Some accuracy considerations. International Journal of Remote Sensing. 24: 3311-3340.
Link
Doi: 10.1080/0143116021000021189

Abstract:

Change detection from remote sensing data is often done by simple overlay of classified maps. However, such analyses can contain a significant proportion of boundary errors, especially when combining data from different sensors. This paper presents a protocol that allows reliable post-classification comparisons by taking into account classification accuracies, landscape fragmentation, planimetric accuracies, pixel sizes and grid origins. The proposed protocol has been applied, with little extra effort, in a fragmented agricultural Mediterranean zone using MSS (1970s) and TM (1990s) images. Applying the protocol, change detection had an accuracy of 85.1%, while for a direct overlay it was only 43.9% accurate. The drawback of this method is that it reduces the useful area of comparison. As the accuracy of individual classifications is critical, the paper also describes and tests a hybrid classifier that combines an unsupervised classification approach with training areas. This approach has proved more successful than maximum likelihood classifiers.

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