Climate- and successional-related changes in functional composition of European forests are strongly driven by tree mortality

Ruiz-Benito, P., Ratcliffe, S., Zavala, M.A., Martínez-Vilalta, J., Vilà-Cabrera, A., Lloret, F., Madrigal-González, J., Wirth, C., Greenwood, S., Kändler, G., Lehtonen, A., Kattge, J., Dahlgren, J., Jump, A.S. (2017) Climate- and successional-related changes in functional composition of European forests are strongly driven by tree mortality. Global Change Biology. : 0-0.
Link
Doi: 10.1111/gcb.13728

Abstract:

Las poblaciones ibéricas de pino albar ante el cambio climático: con la muerte en los talones.

Martínez-Vilalta J, Aguadé D, Banqué M, Barba J, Curiel Yuste J, Galiano L, Garcia N, Gómez M, Heres; AM, López BC, Lloret F, Poyatos R, Retana J, Sus O, Vayreda J, Vilà-Cabrera A (2012) Las poblaciones ibéricas de pino albar ante el cambio climático: con la muerte en los talones. Ecosistemas 21: 15-21.

Fire frequency effects on the structure and composition of a Mediterranean shrubland community.

Vilà-Cabrera A, Saura-Mas S, Lloret F (2008) Fire frequency effects on the structure and composition of a Mediterranean shrubland community. Ecoscience 15: 519-528.

Effects of fire frequency on species composition in a Mediterranean shrubland

Vilà-Cabrera A., Saura-Mas S., Lloret F. (2008) Effects of fire frequency on species composition in a Mediterranean shrubland. Ecoscience. 15: 519-528.
Link
Doi: 10.2980/15-4-3164

Abstract:

The effect of high fire frequency on the species composition of Mediterranean-type plant communities is reported on the basis of shrubland stands located in Catalonia (Spain) that have experienced from 1 to 5 fires over the last 31 years. We focused on changes in the abundance of species, grouped according to post-fire regenerative traits (resprouting and seed germination) and life form (shrubs, herbaceous graminoids, and herbaceous non-graminoids). High fire frequency was related to a low abundance of obligate resprouter and obligate seeder shrubs. In the latter group, Cistus sp. disappeared in stands with high fire frequency and showed a maximum abundance in stands with low fire frequency. The abundance of facultative resprouter shrubs did not change with fire frequency. This group thus became dominant in the shrub layer at high fire frequency due to the low abundance of obligate resprouter and obligate seeder shrubs. These changes in the abundance of shrub species involve changes in the patterns of relative dominance of regenerative syndromes, in line with fire frequency. An examination of life forms revealed that the abundance of herbaceous non-graminoids and herbaceous graminoids was higher in stands with high fire frequency and the graminoid Brachypodium retusum was dominant at all fire frequencies. These results suggest a loss in the resilience of shrubs after frequent fires, leading to a simplification of vegetation structure with a shift from shrubland to grassland-type communities, thereby probably enhancing a potential positive herb-fire feedback.

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