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Can mobile phone-based animated videos induce learning and technology adoption among low-literate farmers? A field experiment in Burkina Faso

Maredia M.K., Reyes B., Ba M.N., Dabire C.L., Pittendrigh B., Bello-Bravo J. (2017) Can mobile phone-based animated videos induce learning and technology adoption among low-literate farmers? A field experiment in Burkina Faso. Information Technology for Development. : 1-32.
Link
Doi: 10.1080/02681102.2017.1312245

Abstract:

This article explores an innovative approach to deliver information about new agricultural technology that combines a versatile and potentially lower cost method of developing animated videos with another low-cost method of sharing it on mobile devices (i.e. mobile phone). It describes a randomized controlled field experiment conducted in Burkina Faso to evaluate the effectiveness of animated videos shown on mobile phone compared with the traditional extension method (live demonstration) in inducing learning and adoption of two post-harvest technologies among low-literate farmers. Results suggest that video-based training was as effective as the traditional method in inducing learning and understanding. For technologies that farmers were already aware of animated video shown on the mobile phone was also as effective as live demonstration in inducing adoption. However, in transferring new technologies, the traditional method was more effective in inducing adoption at p 

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Global patterns of phosphatase activity in natural soils

Margalef O., Sardans J., Fernández-Martínez M., Molowny-Horas R., Janssens I.A., Ciais P., Goll D., Richter A., Obersteiner M., Asensio D., Peñuelas J. (2017) Global patterns of phosphatase activity in natural soils. Scientific Reports. 7: 0-0.
Link
Doi: 10.1038/s41598-017-01418-8

Abstract:

Soil phosphatase levels strongly control the biotic pathways of phosphorus (P), an essential element for life, which is often limiting in terrestrial ecosystems. We investigated the influence of climatic and soil traits on phosphatase activity in terrestrial systems using metadata analysis from published studies. This is the first analysis of global measurements of phosphatase in natural soils. Our results suggest that organic P (Porg), rather than available P, is the most important P fraction in predicting phosphatase activity. Structural equation modeling using soil total nitrogen (TN), mean annual precipitation, mean annual temperature, thermal amplitude and total soil carbon as most available predictor variables explained up to 50% of the spatial variance in phosphatase activity. In this analysis, Porg could not be tested and among the rest of available variables, TN was the most important factor explaining the observed spatial gradients in phosphatase activity. On the other hand, phosphatase activity was also found to be associated with climatic conditions and soil type across different biomes worldwide. The close association among different predictors like Porg, TN and precipitation suggest that P recycling is driven by a broad scale pattern of ecosystem productivity capacity. © 2017 The Author(s).

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Mediterranean landscapes under change: Combining social multicriteria evaluation and the ecosystem services framework for land use planning

Martínez-Sastre, R., Ravera, F., González, J.A., López Santiago, C., Bidegain, I., Munda, G. (2017) Mediterranean landscapes under change: Combining social multicriteria evaluation and the ecosystem services framework for land use planning. Land Use Policy. 67: 472-486.
Link
Doi: 10.1016/j.landusepol.2017.06.001

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Differential impact of hotter drought on seedling performance of five ecologically distinct pine species

Matías, L., Castro, J., Villar-Salvador, P., Quero, J.L., Jump, A.S. (2017) Differential impact of hotter drought on seedling performance of five ecologically distinct pine species. Plant Ecology. 218: 201-212.
Link
Doi: 10.1007/s11258-016-0677-7

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Contrasting growth forecasts across the geographical range of Scots pine due to altitudinal and latitudinal differences in climatic sensitivity

Matías, L., Linares, J.C., Sánchez-Miranda, A., Jump, A.S. (2017) Contrasting growth forecasts across the geographical range of Scots pine due to altitudinal and latitudinal differences in climatic sensitivity. Global Change Biology. : 0-0.
Link
Doi: 10.1111/gcb.13627

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Relationship type affects the reliability of dispersal distance estimated using pedigree inferences in partially sampled populations: A case study involving invasive American mink in Scotland

Melero, Y., Oliver, M.K., Lambin, X. (2017) Relationship type affects the reliability of dispersal distance estimated using pedigree inferences in partially sampled populations: A case study involving invasive American mink in Scotland. Molecular Ecology. : 0-0.
Link
Doi: 10.1111/mec.14154

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An empirical method that separates irreversible stem radial growth from bark water content changes in trees: theory and case studies

Mencuccini, M., Salmon, Y., Mitchell, P., Hölttä, T., Choat, B., Meir, P., O'Grady, A., Tissue, D., Zweifel, R., Sevanto, S., Pfautsch, S. (2017) An empirical method that separates irreversible stem radial growth from bark water content changes in trees: theory and case studies. Plant Cell and Environment. 40: 290-303.
Link
Doi: 10.1111/pce.12863

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Setting temporal baselines for biodiversity: The limits of available monitoring data for capturing the full impact of anthropogenic pressures

Mihoub, J.-B., Henle, K., Titeux, N., Brotons, L., Brummitt, N.A., Schmeller, D.S. (2017) Setting temporal baselines for biodiversity: The limits of available monitoring data for capturing the full impact of anthropogenic pressures. Scientific Reports. 7: 0-0.
Link
Doi: 10.1038/srep41591

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Imported zika virus in a European city: How to prevent local transmission?

Millet, J.-P., Montalvo, T., Bueno-Marí, R., Romero-Tamarit, A., Prats-Uribe, A., Fernández, L., Camprubí, E., del Baño, L., Peracho, V., Figuerola, J., Sulleiro, E., Martínez, M.J., Caylà, J.A., Álamo-Junquera, D., de Andrés, A., Avellanés, I., González, R., Gorrindo, P., Sentís, A., Simón, P., Bartumeus, F., Busquets, N., Alejo, I., Gascón, J., Muñoz, J., Oliveira, I., Pinazo, M.J., Rodriguez, N., Bocanegra, C., Espasa, M., Molina, I., Pou, D., Salvador, F., Sánchez-Montalvà, A., Pumarola, T., Rando, A., Serre, N., Soriano-Arandes, A., Treviño, B. (2017) Imported zika virus in a European city: How to prevent local transmission?. Frontiers in Microbiology. 8: 0-0.
Link
Doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2017.01319

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Changes in the natural dynamics of Nothofagus dombeyi forests: Population modeling with increasing drought frequencies

Molowny-Horas, R., Suarez, M.L., Lloret, F. (2017) Changes in the natural dynamics of Nothofagus dombeyi forests: Population modeling with increasing drought frequencies. Ecosphere. 8: 0-0.
Link
Doi: 10.1002/ecs2.1708

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