A review of the combination among global change factors in forests, shrublands and pastures of the Mediterranean Region: Beyond drought effects

Doblas-Miranda, E., Alonso, R., Arnan, X., Bermejo, V., Brotons, L., de las Heras, J., Estiarte, M., Hódar, J.A., Llorens, P., Lloret, F., López-Serrano, F.R., Martínez-Vilalta, J., Moya, D., Peñuelas, J., Pino, J., Rodrigo, A., Roura-Pascual, N., Valladares, F., Vilà, M., Zamora, R., Retana, J. (2017) A review of the combination among global change factors in forests, shrublands and pastures of the Mediterranean Region: Beyond drought effects. Global and Planetary Change. 148: 42-54.
Link
Doi: 10.1016/j.gloplacha.2016.11.012

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Colour polymorphism is associated with lower extinction risk in birds

Ducatez, S., Giraudeau, M., Thébaud, C., Jacquin, L. (2017) Colour polymorphism is associated with lower extinction risk in birds. Global Change Biology. 23: 3030-3039.
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Doi: 10.1111/gcb.13734

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New national and regional bryophyte records, 51

Ellis, L.T., Aleffi, M., Bednarek-Ochyra, H., Bakalin, V.A., Boiko, M., Calleja, J.A., Fedosov, V.E., Ignatov, M.S., Ignatova, E.A., Garilleti, R., Hallingbäck, T., Lönnell, N., Hodgetts, N., Kiebacher, T., Larraín, J., Lebouvier, M., Lüth, M., Mazimpaka, V., Vigalondo, B., Lara, F., Natcheva, R., Nobis, M., Nowak, A., Orgaz, J.D., Guerra, J., Pantović, J., Nikolić, N., Sabovljević, M.S., Sabovljević, A.D., Pisarenko, O.Y., Plášek, V., Skoupá, Z., Poponessi, S., Privitera, M., Puglisi, M., Skudnik, M., Wang, Q.H. (2017) New national and regional bryophyte records, 51. Journal of Bryology. : 1-14.
Link
Doi: 10.1080/03736687.2017.1298297

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Beyond predator satiation: Masting but also the effects of rainfall stochasticity on weevils drive acorn predation

Espelta, J.M., Arias-Leclaire, H., Fernandez-Martinez, M., Doblas-Miranda, E., Muñoz, A., Bonal, R. (2017) Beyond predator satiation: Masting but also the effects of rainfall stochasticity on weevils drive acorn predation. Ecosphere. 8: 0-0.
Link
Doi: 10.1002/ecs2.1836

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Nature-based solutions for urban landscapes under post-industrialization and globalization: Barcelona versus Shanghai

Fan, P., Ouyang, Z., Basnou, C., Pino, J., Park, H., Chen, J. (2017) Nature-based solutions for urban landscapes under post-industrialization and globalization: Barcelona versus Shanghai. Environmental Research. 156: 272-283.
Link
Doi: 10.1016/j.envres.2017.03.043

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Atmospheric deposition, CO2, and change in the land carbon sink

Fernández-Martínez M., Vicca S., Janssens I.A., Ciais P., Obersteiner M., Bartrons M., Sardans J., Verger A., Canadell J.G., Chevallier F., Wang X., Bernhofer C., Curtis P.S., Gianelle D., Grünwald T., Heinesch B., Ibrom A., Knohl A., Laurila T., Law B.E., Limousin J.M., Longdoz B., Loustau D., Mammarella I., Matteucci G., Monson R.K., Montagnani L., Moors E.J., Munger J.W., Papale D., Piao S.L., Peñuelas J. (2017) Atmospheric deposition, CO2, and change in the land carbon sink. Scientific Reports. 7: 0-0.
Link
Doi: 10.1038/s41598-017-08755-8

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Concentrations of atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) have continued to increase whereas atmospheric deposition of sulphur and nitrogen has declined in Europe and the USA during recent decades. Using time series of flux observations from 23 forests distributed throughout Europe and the USA, and generalised mixed models, we found that forest-level net ecosystem production and gross primary production have increased by 1% annually from 1995 to 2011. Statistical models indicated that increasing atmospheric CO2 was the most important factor driving the increasing strength of carbon sinks in these forests. We also found that the reduction of sulphur deposition in Europe and the USA lead to higher recovery in ecosystem respiration than in gross primary production, thus limiting the increase of carbon sequestration. By contrast, trends in climate and nitrogen deposition did not significantly contribute to changing carbon fluxes during the studied period. Our findings support the hypothesis of a general CO2-fertilization effect on vegetation growth and suggest that, so far unknown, sulphur deposition plays a significant role in the carbon balance of forests in industrialized regions. Our results show the need to include the effects of changing atmospheric composition, beyond CO2, to assess future dynamics of carbon-climate feedbacks not currently considered in earth system/climate modelling. © 2017 The Author(s).

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Solar radiation and functional traits explain the decline of forest primary productivity along a tropical elevation gradient

Fyllas N.M., Bentley L.P., Shenkin A., Asner G.P., Atkin O.K., Díaz S., Enquist B.J., Farfan-Rios W., Gloor E., Guerrieri R., Huasco W.H., Ishida Y., Martin R.E., Meir P., Phillips O., Salinas N., Silman M., Weerasinghe L.K., Zaragoza-Castells J., Malhi Y. (2017) Solar radiation and functional traits explain the decline of forest primary productivity along a tropical elevation gradient. Ecology Letters. : 0-0.
Link
Doi: 10.1111/ele.12771

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One of the major challenges in ecology is to understand how ecosystems respond to changes in environmental conditions, and how taxonomic and functional diversity mediate these changes. In this study, we use a trait-spectra and individual-based model, to analyse variation in forest primary productivity along a 3.3 km elevation gradient in the Amazon-Andes. The model accurately predicted the magnitude and trends in forest productivity with elevation, with solar radiation and plant functional traits (leaf dry mass per area, leaf nitrogen and phosphorus concentration, and wood density) collectively accounting for productivity variation. Remarkably, explicit representation of temperature variation with elevation was not required to achieve accurate predictions of forest productivity, as trait variation driven by species turnover appears to capture the effect of temperature. Our semi-mechanistic model suggests that spatial variation in traits can potentially be used to estimate spatial variation in productivity at the landscape scale. © 2017 John Wiley & Sons Ltd/CNRS.

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The fate of recently fixed carbon after drought release: Towards unravelling C storage regulation in Tilia platyphyllos and Pinus sylvestris

Galiano, L., Timofeeva, G., Saurer, M., Siegwolf, R., Martínez-Vilalta, J., Hommel, R., Gessler, A. (2017) The fate of recently fixed carbon after drought release: Towards unravelling C storage regulation in Tilia platyphyllos and Pinus sylvestris. Plant Cell and Environment. : 0-0.
Link
Doi: 10.1111/pce.12972

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Diversification in arid mountains: biogeography and cryptic diversity of Pristurus rupestris rupestris in Arabia

Garcia-Porta, J., Simó-Riudalbas, M., Robinson, M., Carranza, S. (2017) Diversification in arid mountains: biogeography and cryptic diversity of Pristurus rupestris rupestris in Arabia. Journal of Biogeography. 44: 1694-1704.
Link
Doi: 10.1111/jbi.12929

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Spatial mixing of mitochondrial lineages and greater genetic diversity in some invasive populations of the American mink (Neovison vison) compared to native populations

García, K., Melero, Y., Palazón, S., Gosálbez, J., Castresana, J. (2017) Spatial mixing of mitochondrial lineages and greater genetic diversity in some invasive populations of the American mink (Neovison vison) compared to native populations. Biological Invasions. 19: 2663-2673.
Link
Doi: 10.1007/s10530-017-1475-4

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