Ecosystem dynamics encompass the participation of many species with different life cycle lengths, from a few hours to tens of years. One possible line of research is to dissect some key processes involved in the overall dynamics and extract general rules. This type of data can be combined in simulations in order to make predictions about the future dynamics of these systems in the medium and long term. However, as more processes are combined, prediction becomes more difficult. Difficulty also increases if an ecosystem is undergoing environmental change including contemporary global change and associated predictions on a regional scale. For this reason, a more holistic complement to research is based on monitoring the dynamics of the ecosystem through observation and characterization. The objectives of monitoring are to diagnose what may be occurring ecologically in a given place, compare specific regions with planetary-scale data, predict short term trends, and feed and validate models designed to understand and reproduce dynamics in the medium and long term.
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