Vayreda J, Ibàñez JJ, Mata T, Gracia C (2007) MiraBosc on-line versió IFN: Consulta interactiva del segon i tercer inventari forestal nacional a Catalunya. 2n Congrés Forestal Català. Tarragona. CD-ROM edition. 2n Congrés Forestal Català. Tarragona. CD-ROM edition.
Ibàñez JJ, Vayreda J, Mata T, Gracia C (2007) Indicadors ecològics en el marc del Tercer Inventario Forestal Nacional a Catalunya. 2n Congrés Forestal Català. Tarragona. CD-ROM edition.
Mata T, Burriel JA, Ibàñez JJ, Vayreda J (2007) Mapes de models de combustible i mapes de models d’inflamabilitat. 2n Congrés Forestal Català. Tarragona. Edició en CD-ROM.
Lloret F., Lobo A., Estevan H., Maisongrande P., Vayreda J., Terradas J. (2007) Woody plant richness and NDVI response to drought events in Catalonian (northeastern Spain) forests. Ecology. 88: 2270-2279.EnllaçDoi: 10.1890/06-1195.1
The role of species diversity on ecosystem resistance in the face of strong environmental fluctuations has been addressed from both theoretical and experimental viewpoints to reveal a variety of positive and negative relationships. Here we explore empirically the relationship between the richness of forest woody species and canopy resistance to extreme drought episodes. We compare richness data from an extensive forest inventory to a temporal series of satellite imagery that estimated drought impact on forest canopy as NDVI (normalized difference vegetation index) anomalies of the dry summer in 2003 in relation to records of previous years. We considered five different types of forests that are representative of the main climatic and altitudinal gradients of the region, ranging from lowland Mediterranean to mountain boreal-temperate climates. The observed relationship differed among forest types and interacted with the climate, summarised by the Thorntwaite index. In Mediterranean Pinus halepensis forests, NDVI decreased during the drought. This decrease was stronger in forests with lower richness. In Mediterranean evergreen forests of Quercus ilex, drought did not result in an overall NDVI loss, but lower NDVI values were observed in drier localities with lower richness, and in more moist localities with higher number of species. In mountain Pinus sylvestris forests NDVI decreased, mostly due to the drought impact on drier localities, while no relation to species richness was observed. In moist Fagus sylvatica forests, NDVI only decreased in plots with high richness. No effect of drought was observed in the high mountain Pinus uncinata forests. Our results show that a shift on the diversity-stability relationship appears across the regional, climatic gradient. A positive relationship appears in drier localities, supporting a null model where the probability of finding a species able to cope with drier conditions increases with the number of species. However, in more moist localities we hypothesize that the proportion of drought-sensitive species would increase in richer localities, due to a higher likelihood of co-occurrence of species that share moist climatic requirements. The study points to the convenience of considering the causes of disturbance in relation to current environmental gradients and historical environmental constraints on the community. © 2007 by the Ecological Society of America.
Vilà M., Vayreda J., Comas L., Ibáñez J.J., Mata T., Obón B. (2007) Species richness and wood production: A positive association in Mediterranean forests. Ecology Letters. 10: 241-250.EnllaçDoi: 10.1111/j.1461-0248.2007.01016.x
A major debate in the study of biodiversity concerns its influence on ecosystem functioning. We compared whether wood production in forests was associated with tree functional group identity (i.e. deciduous, conifer or sclerophylous), tree species richness (1-≥ 5) and tree functional group richness (1-3) by comparing more than 5000 permanent plots distributed across Catalonia (NE Spain). Deciduous forests were more productive than coniferous and sclerophylous forests. Wood production increased with tree species richness. However, functional group richness increased wood production only in sclerophylous forests. When other forest structure, environmental variables and management practices were included in the analysis, tree functional group identity and species richness still remained significant, while functional species richness did not. Our survey indicates that across a regional scale, and across a broad range of environmental conditions, a significant positive association exists between local tree species richness and wood production at least in typical early successional Mediterranean-type forests. © 2007 Blackwell Publishing Ltd/CNRS.
Mata M, Ibàñez JJ, Vayreda J, Gracia C (2005) Mapas de modelos de combustible y de modelos de inflamabilidad: Herramientas para la sostenibilidad. La ciencia forestal: respuestas para la sostenibilidad.
Ibàñez JJ, Vayreda J, Mata T, Gracia C (2005) Indicadores ecológicos en el marco del tercer inventario forestal nacional. Tarragona. Dirección general para la Biodiversidad. 107 pp. (ISBN 84-8014-480-7).
Vilà M, Inchausti P, Vayreda J, Barrantes O, Gracia C, Ibàñez JJ, Mata T (2005) Confounding factors in the observational productivity-diversity relationship in forests. Chapter 4. Ecological Studies 176:65-86. Scherer-Lorenzen M, Körner Ch, Schulze E-D (ed) Forest Diversity and Function: Temperate and Boreal Systems. Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, pp.65-86.
Ibàñez JJ, Burriel JA, Vayreda J, Mata T, Gracia C (2005) Los inventarios forestales nacionales: ¿Respuestas para la sostenibilidad?. La ciencia forestal: respuestas para la sostenibilidad.
Lloret F., Estevan H., Vayreda J., Terradas J. (2005) Fire regenerative syndromes of forest woody species across fire and climatic gradients. Oecologia. 146: 461-468.EnllaçDoi: 10.1007/s00442-005-0206-1
Community resilience after fire is determined by species' ability to regenerate through two main mechanisms growth of new sprouts (resprouter species) and germination from surviving seed banks or from seeds arriving from neighbouring populations (seeder species). Both the mechanisms are present in Mediterranean communities. The occurrence of both the types in a community depends on fire history and the bio-geographical history determining the available species pool. Regenerative traits also covary with other functional attributes associated with resource acquisition and stress tolerance. As post-fire regenerative responses can be related to various ecological factors other than fire, we tested the hypothesis of a different proportional representation of post-fire regenerative syndromes in forest woody species along a climatic gradient in Catalonia (NE Spain) ranging from Mediterranean to temperate-boreal climates. Specifically, we expected seeder species to become less common with colder and moister conditions while resprouters would not be so influenced by the climatic gradient. We also tested the hypothesis of change in the relative abundance of regenerative syndromes in relation to recent fire history. We analysed a large database obtained from extensive forestry surveys and remote sensing fire records. After correction for spatial autocorrelation, we found an increase in the proportion of seeder species under more Mediterranean conditions and a decrease in fire-sensitive species (with no efficient mechanisms of post-fire recovery) in moister conditions. Resprouter species were similarly present across the whole gradient. A similar pattern was observed after excluding recently burnt plots. Therefore, post-fire regenerative syndromes segregate along the climatic gradient. Recent fires reduced the occurrence of fire-sensitive species and increased the proportion of seeder species. No significant effect was observed on resprouter species. Fire has a sorting effect, shaping the occurrence of species with different regenerative traits. Overall, fire seems to explain better the variability of the proportion of fire-sensitive species and climate the variability of seeder species. In addition, other factors (forestry practices and the covariation between regenerative and functional attributes) are likely to contribute to the regional pattern of regenerative syndromes. © Springer-Verlag 2005.
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