Agricultural abandonment in the north eastern Iberian Peninsula: The use of basic landscape metrics to support planning

Bielsa I., Pons X., Bunce B. (2005) Agricultural abandonment in the north eastern Iberian Peninsula: The use of basic landscape metrics to support planning. Journal of Environmental Planning and Management. 48: 85-102.
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Doi: 10.1080/0964056042000308166

Resum:

Land abandonment is an important cause of changes in landscape patterns in the Mediterranean area. There is a need to monitor land use and land cover changes in order to provide quantitative evidence of the relationship between land abandonment and the formation of new landscape patterns. Appropriate management policies to encourage sustainable development can then be developed. This paper describes how to monitor landscape dynamics using different temporal land use and land cover data generated from field survey and airborne information. The results showed that the abandonment of agricultural land generally results in an increase of vegetation biomass. This process leads to homogenization of the landscape. In addition, abandonment promotes fragmentation of agricultural land. Based on these results, the paper discusses the implications for rural management policies concerning the abandonment of agricultural land and suggests recommendations for the development of such policies. © 2005 University of Newcastle upon Tyne.

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Does fire occurrence modify the probability of being burned again? A null hypothesis test from Mediterranean ecosystems in NE Spain

Salvador R., Lloret F., Pons X., Piñol J. (2005) Does fire occurrence modify the probability of being burned again? A null hypothesis test from Mediterranean ecosystems in NE Spain. Ecological Modelling. 188: 461-469.
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Doi: 10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2004.12.017

Resum:

Two main causes have been proposed as drivers of fire regime in Mediterranean-type ecosystems: fuel build-up and weather conditions. If fuel build-up is the main cause, then areas recently burned will not burn again until some years later. Contrarily, if weather is the main cause, then all areas will burn irrespective of their age. We have devised a statistical test aimed to distinguish between these two hypotheses. To use the test is necessary to know the spatial distribution of fires during a period of time as long as possible. Then, a percolation algorithm procedure is applied to mimic the location, extent, and perimeter/area ratio of the real fires, independently of previous fire occurrence. This model is run many times and each run is considered a realization under the null hypothesis that a pixel burns irrespectively of whether it was burnt in the previous years. The actual number of pixels burned twice is then compared to the histogram of the probability density function of pixels burned twice, which is obtained from the simulations. Actual values falling in the right tail of the distribution point to a clumped pattern (fires tend to be more abundant in some locations), while falling in the left tail will indicate a segregated pattern (burning reduces the probability of further fires in the same site). The method was applied to three different areas of Catalonia (NE Spain) by comparing the actual fires from 1975 to 1998 to the pattern obtained from random fire simulations. An aggregated pattern was obtained in two of the studied areas when the origin of the simulated fires was located randomly, indicating that fires were not uniformly distributed in the territory. When the simulations were started at the centroids of the real fires, the null hypothesis of independence from previous fires was not rejected, and the fuel-driven assumption was not supported. In the third area, results were inconclusive because two large fires, occurred in 1994, totally changed the results obtained until then. © 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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