Rodrigo A, Martínez-Vilalta J, Piñol J, Lloret F, Ribas A, Retana J, Losarcos J (2009) Diseño y aplicación de una propuesta de aprendizaje cooperativo de los contendios del area de Ecología mediante el estudio de casos (inclou versió en anglés) . En “Hacia el espacio europeo de educación superior (EEES). Experiencias docentes innovadoras d e la UAB en ciencias sociales y en ciencias humanas”. Maite Martínez y Elena Añaños (eds.). Unitat d’Innovació Docent en Educació Superior. Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Servei de Publicacions.
Saura-Mas S, Shipley B, Lloret F (2009) Testing leaf trade-offs in Mediterranean woody species: Post-fire regenerative strategy links water regulation and Leaf dry matter content. Functional Ecology 23: 103-110.
Lloret F, Zedler PH (2009) The effect of forest fire on vegetation. In. A. Cerda, P. R. Robichaud (eds). Fire effects on soils and restoration strategies. Science Publishers Inc., Enfield, New Hampshire, USA. pp. 257-295.
Lloret F, A Soler, Vayreda J, Estevan H, Terradas J (2009) Atles de les plantes llenyoses dels boscos de Catalunya. Ed. Lynx, Barcelona, 192 pp. La información de l’Atles s’actualitza al web http://oslo.geodata.es/ftp/llenyoses/.
Terradas J, Peñuelas J, Lloret F (2009) The Fluctuation Niche in Plants. International Journal of Ecology doi: 10.1155/2009/959702. Article ID 959702.
Lloret F, Piñol J, Castellenou M (2009) Wildfires. In: J. Woodward (ed.). The Physical Geography of the Mediterranean. Oxford University Press 541- 558.
Gassó N., Sol D., Pino J., Dana E.D., Lloret F., Sanz-Elorza M., Sobrino E., Vilà M. (2009) Exploring species attributes and site characteristics to assess plant invasions in Spain. Diversity and Distributions. 15: 50-58.EnllaçDoi: 10.1111/j.1472-4642.2008.00501.x
Aim: Biological invasions are a major component of global change with increasing effects on natural ecosystems and human societies. Here, we aim to assess the relationship between plant invader species attributes and the extent of their distribution range size, at the same time that we assess the association between environmental factors and plant invader species richness. Location: Spain, Mediterranean region. Methods: From the species perspective, we calculated the distribution range size of the 106 vascular plant invaders listed in a recently published atlas of alien plant species in Spain. Range size was used as an estimation of the degree of invasion success of the species. To model variation in range size between species as a function of a set of species attributes, we adopted the framework of the generalized linear mixed models because they allow the incorporation of taxonomic categories as nested random factors to control for phylogenetic relationships. From the invaded site perspective, we determined invader plant species richness as the number of species for each 10 × 10 km Universal Transverse Mercator (UTM) grid. For each grid cell, we estimated variables concerning landscape, topography, climate and human settlement. Then, we performed a generalized linear mixed model incorporating a defined spatial correlation structure to assess the relationship between plant invader richness and the environmental predictors. Results: From the species perspective, wind dispersal and minimum residence time appeared to favour invasion success. From the invaded site perspective, we identified high anthropogenic disturbance, low altitude, short distance to the coastline and dry, hot weather as the main correlates to UTM grid cell invader richness. Main conclusions: According to these results, an increasing importance of man-modified ecosystems and global warming in the Mediterranean region should facilitate the expansion of plant invaders, especially wind-dispersed species, leading to the accumulation of invasive species in some sites (i.e. invasion hot spots). © 2008 The Authors.
Peñuelas J, Filella I, Estiarte M, Ogaya R, Llusiè J, Sardans J, Jump A, Garbulsky M, Coll M, Díaz de Quijano M, Seco R, Blanch JS, Owen S, Curiel J, Carnicer J, Boada M, Stefanescu C, Lloret F, TerradasJ (2009) Constatacions biològiques del canvi climàtic a Catalunya. A “Aigua i canvi climàtic: Diagnosi dels impactes previstos a Catalunya” Generalitat de Catalunya, Departament de Medi Ambient i Habitatge, Agencia Catalana de l’Aigua, www.gencat.cat/aca .
Jump A.S., Rico L., Lloret F., Peñuelas J. (2009) Microspatial population genetic structure of the Mediterranean shrub Fumana thymifolia. Plant Biology. 11: 152-160.EnllaçDoi: 10.1111/j.1438-8677.2008.00109.x
Fumana thymifolia (Cistaceae) is an insect-pollinated, gravity-dispersed evergreen shrub, which is a common component of fire-prone Mediterranean shrubland ecosystems. Despite the availability of basic knowledge on its ecology, little is known of its breeding system and no information is available on its population genetic structure. We explored the within-population genetic structure of this species using amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) molecular markers and related this to predictions based on its breeding system, pollen and seed dispersal. Existing information on the reproductive ecology of F. thymifolia was supplemented by artificial pollination experiments. We determined that self-fertilisation can occur in F. thymifolia but results in reduced fruit set. Significant genetic structuring was detected within the population, a likely consequence of localised seed dispersal in combination with a mixed mating system. In a study site covering approximately 0.5 ha, amova revealed that approximately 9% of genetic variability was distributed among population subsamples. Significant spatial genetic structure was detected, with kinship coefficients being significantly elevated above the null expectation in the first six distance classes (maximum 5 m), and a value of Sp of up to 0.0342, comparable with species having similar ecological characteristics. Weak isolation by distance at the plot scale was detected, suggesting that insect-mediated pollen flow is non-random, despite being more extensive than seed dispersal. Fumana thymifolia provides a promising model for the investigation of both short- and long-term population dynamics in relation to fire frequency within this plant community. © 2008 German Botanical Society and The Royal Botanical Society of the Netherlands.
Lloret F., Peñuelas J., Prieto P., Llorens L., Estiarte M. (2009) Plant community changes induced by experimental climate change: Seedling and adult species composition. Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics. 11: 53-63.EnllaçDoi: 10.1016/j.ppees.2008.09.001
Experimental manipulation of climate provides a powerful tool for studying plant community dynamics with respect to current climate change. We experimentally investigated the vegetation dynamics of a Mediterranean shrubland under directional climate change by manipulating rain and temperature at stand level throughout 7 years. We focused on seedling establishment in relation to the between-year variability of drought conditions. We also compared seedling dynamics to changes in the established adult vegetation to assess the coupling between both dynamics. We used multivariate techniques (principal response curves (PRC) and redundancy analysis (RDA)) to explore changes in the whole community, and Generalized Linear Model (GLZM) to analyse the influence of drought on the abundance and survival of the most abundant species. Drought treatment induced significant changes in the species composition of the seedlings, via a differential decrease in the seedling density of most species. No species was particularly favoured in terms of seedling abundance under water-deficit conditions. Warming only explained a low percentage of the variability in seedling species composition. The emergence of seedlings in control plots - which may be considered an estimation of the between-year variability in the conditions for seedling establishment - was a better predictor of seedling emergence in experimental plots than climate manipulation treatments. The PRC analysis of the adults showed dynamics that were different from those recorded for seedlings, and it also showed that drought treatment significantly explained species composition. This result is reinforced by the change in the relative abundance of seedling and adults of the more common species in the drought and warming treatments, supporting the hypothesis that climatic directional change heightens discrepancies between recruitment and the adult performance. The RDA analysis applied to species composition at the end of the experiment failed, however, to attain any statistical significance. The warming treatment did not produce any significant shifts in adult vegetation. In conclusion, directional climate change - particularly drier conditions in Mediterranean shrublands - would result in a change in the recruitment of the plant community. This change in seedling recruitment tends to be different from the dynamics of adults, suggesting that potential adult mortality would not be compensated by actual seedling recruitment, thus enhancing shifts in community composition. © 2008 Rübel Foundation, ETH Zürich.
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