Linking OMI HCHO and MODIS PRI satellite data with BVOCS emissions in NE Spain

Kefauver S.C., Filella I., Zhang C., Penuelas J. (2015) Linking OMI HCHO and MODIS PRI satellite data with BVOCS emissions in NE Spain. International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS). 2015-November: 2661-2664.
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Doi: 10.1109/IGARSS.2015.7326360

Resum:

Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) play several important roles on tropospheric chemical composition. Biogenic VOCs (BVOCs) are the largest source of NMVOCs (non-methane VOCs), accounting for the release of up to 10% of total C fixed by plants in photosynthesis. As isoprene is often the dominant source of atmospheric formaldehyde (HCHO) detected using satellite sensors, it is often correlated directly to satellite HCHO observations without accounting for other HCHO sources. Here we investigate the importance of quantifying monoterpene emissions when linking remotely sensed HCHO vertical columns to terrestrial BVOCs emissions at four different ecosystems in NE Spain where monoterpene-isoprene emissions ratios are known to be unusually high. Average HCHO yield for present monoterpenes was approximately 29% compared to 45% for isoprene. Including monoterpene HCHO yield contributions in total atmospheric HCHO concentrations improved correlations from R2 of 0.35 to 0.66 and R2 of 0.56 to 0.89 when comparing OMI HCHO and MODIS PRI satellite with HCHO field measurements, respectively. © 2015 IEEE.

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Allocation, stress tolerance and carbon transport in plants: How does phloem physiology affect plant ecology?

Savage J.A., Clearwater M.J., Haines D.F., Klein T., Mencuccini M., Sevanto S., Turgeon R., Zhang C. (2015) Allocation, stress tolerance and carbon transport in plants: How does phloem physiology affect plant ecology?. Plant, Cell and Environment. : 0-0.
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Doi: 10.1111/pce.12602

Resum:

Despite the crucial role of carbon transport in whole plant physiology and its impact on plant-environment interactions and ecosystem function, relatively little research has tried to examine how phloem physiology impacts plant ecology. In this review, we highlight several areas of active research where inquiry into phloem physiology has increased our understanding of whole plant function and ecological processes. We consider how xylem-phloem interactions impact plant drought tolerance and reproduction, how phloem transport influences carbon allocation in trees and carbon cycling in ecosystems and how phloem function mediates plant relations with insects, pests, microbes and symbiotes. We argue that in spite of challenges that exist in studying phloem physiology, it is critical that we consider the role of this dynamic vascular system when examining the relationship between plants and their biotic and abiotic environment. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

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