From its beginnings, the field of ecology has cultivated special interest and effort in understanding living organisms’ patterns of organization in time and space. Employing a temporal perspective, the study of phenology advances understanding of the relative importance of processes in which living beings deal with changes in resource availability or the environment. Also, analyzing how and why species are distributed in space offers a unique perspective for studying how organisms organize and interact in response to environmental gradients in nature. Within the contemporary context of global environmental change, changes in phenology and distribution are being observed on a large scale. Such changes are taking place in a new ecological context in which human activities – a highly important factor - have increasing impact. Analyzing and understanding these patterns of variability will allow us to develop tools which help us anticipate future changes to natural ecosystems.
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