Behavior is one of the main ways that animals interact with their environment, and to a large degree determines how they use resources and interact with other organisms. Due to its plasticity, behavior is also one of the most important mechanisms by which animals respond to environmental change. Through exploration and learning, animals are able to solve problems they have never or rarely experienced before. The environment also shapes behavior by selecting those behavioral types which work best. Even more intriguing, behavior can even influence the speed of evolution by exposing individuals to new selective pressures. Therefore, studying how animals behave and the decisions that they make is key for understanding wide-ranging aspects of their ecology and evolution. Despite this, our knowledge of how behavior can affect the ecology and evolution of animals is still insufficient. Understanding this role is fundamental for finding solutions which mitigate contemporary losses of biodiversity and associated ecosystems services as a result of human activities.
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